“Nothing in my life has required more courage, curiosity, and humility than the exploration of race and few efforts have meant so much.”

- Jacqueline Battalora, PH.D., J.D., M.T.S -

photo of stack of books reading: Ruether editor Gender, Ethnicity, & Religion, Birth of a White Nation, Journal of Bisexuality, Bisexuality and Same-Sex Marriage
Battalora Publications—Books/Articles/Chapters

The Invention of White People and Its Relevance Today

New York, May 17, 2021 Birth of A Whte Nation Second Edition examines the social construction of race through the invention of white people. Surveying colonial North American law and history, the book interrogates the origins of racial inequality and injustice in American society, and details how the invention still serves to protect the ruling elite to the present day.

The second edition documents the proliferation of ideas imposed and claimed throughout history that have conspired to give content, form, and social meaning to one's racial classification. Beginning its expanded narrative with the development of diverse Native American societies through contact with European colonizers in the Tidewater region, and progressing to the emigration of Mexicans, Irish, and other "non-whites," this new edition addresses the ongoing production and reproduction of whiteness as a distinct and dominant social category. It also looks to the future by developing a new, applied framework for countering racial inequality and promoting greater awareness of antiracist policies and practices.

Birth of A White Nation will be of great interest to students, scholars, and general readers seeking to make sense of the dramatic racial inequities of our time and to forge an antiracist path forward.


Drawing on history and law, Birth of White Nation reveals how, when, where, and why a group called "white people" was first created in colonial North America. This origin story of white-body supremacy examines how a core organizing feature of U.S society came to be. Birth of a White Nation is an important read for anyone who seeks to understand the key developments that have kept us—and continue to keep us—from being a united nation.

—Resmaa Menakem, author of My Grandmother's Hands and Rock the Boat

We cannot unmake racism if we don't know how we made race. Dr. Battalora provides an accessible foundation for the antiracism project. Her work has been indispensable to mine.

—Robin DiAngelo, Ph.D. Author of White Fragility and Nice Racism

Do you want to understand the history of the term "white people" in the United States and how it has shaped our laws and identities? Read Birth of A White Nation by Jacqueline Battalora. A clearly written and illuminating book.

—Rosemary Radford Ruether, author of 34 books including, Sexism and God Talk


This training dismantles structures that produced race-based implicit bias and assists the individual awareness of one’s investment in whiteness and a commitment to addressing racial bias.

Weekly assignments engage recipients in the development process. In addition to a weekly assignment, each lesson includes journal or discussion questions to help facilitate reflection and engagement.